Introducing Your Dog to a New Cat

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tiki-windowOur house has always been a “bipetual” home with more than one dog and more than one cat. Unlike the stereotype of dogs versus cats or “fighting like cats and dogs,” our dogs and cats have always shared a happy home. They create one big family for us all, sharing everything from water fountains to the bed.

I think that many people don’t identify themselves solely as dog OR cat people but would like to share their home with both. What holds some people back is the fear of disaster. And while a new cat can certainly attack a dog (with the real risk of serious eye injury), the biggest worry is generally of the dog attacking the cat.

If you’re bringing a new puppy into a home with a resident cat, you have the advantage. The resident cat has the upper paw in terms of territory, size, and knowing the lay of the land. The puppy will be submissive in most cases to the resident cat.

But this post is about introducing your resident dog to a new cat or kitten, an experience we had just this week with the adoption of little four-month-old Lucky. Weighing in at five pounds, Lucky was entering the home of 60-pound Tiki and 65-pound Irie.

Choosing a Kitten

One reason we selected a four-month-old kitten rather than a two-month-old kittie was the dogs. A four-month-old is far less fragile and much better equipped to jump up on a table or counter and out of the dogs’ way than an eight-week-old kitten.

And while we fell in love with Lucky from his photo on the Austin Pets Alive! website, we held off making the decision until we met him in person. Because of the dogs, we wanted an outgoing kitten who wasn’t shy. Lucky was all that and more.

Creating a Safe Room

Your new kitten needs a safe place to adjust and decompress upon arrival. For us, it was the bathroom. We have a fairly large bathroom with a low window, a perfect place for Lucky to hang out for a few days. That allowed us to watch him and better learn his temperament and to monitor his feeding and litterbox use. The safe room was readied for Lucky before we headed to the shelter.

Letting the Dogs Know About the Kitten

lucky-tiki-carrierIrie and Tiki knew we were bringing in a cat carrier as soon as we arrived home from the shelter and smelled him coming before we got near. Since Lucky was safely in the carrier, we took advantage of the time to let them sniff at the carrier. It also gave us a chance to gauge the reaction of both the dogs and Lucky.

Irie and Tiki were excited but not overly excited. There was no barking, no raised hackles, no growling. Lucky was curious but not frightened; he didn’t hiss or growl. He also didn’t back away in his carrier but moved toward the door to get a better look.

It was a good first step.

Curiosity

Dogs will be curious about a new cat. Even though Irie and Tiki were very accustomed to cats in the house, they certainly new we had a new arrival and they knew exactly where he was. The moment Tiki woke up Saturday morning, she marched right to the bathroom door and sat down, sniffing beneath the door.

We wanted both Irie and Tiki to satisfy some of their curiosity before meeting Lucky outside the carrier for the first time. To help acquaint them with Lucky, we moved the cat bed Lucky had used the first night out of his room so Irie and Tiki could safely sniff it. We also allowed them to hang out outside the bathroom, sniffing under the door whenever they liked.

First Introductions

Before meeting Lucky in the bathroom, we walked Irie and Tiki (on an extra-long hike) then fed them their breakfast so that the dogs were already feeling a little lazy.

Once that was done, we brought one dog at a time into the bathroom on leash. Irie, the calmer of our two dogs, went in first while Tiki was out in the yard. Not only did that help us to handle one dog in case of a potential problem but also let us see Lucky’s reaction more easily. It also gave us room to maneuver in the bathroom where Lucky had plenty of places to jump up and out of the dogs’ way, if needed.

Irie did great. She politely sniffed Lucky then proceeded to sniff around the room, the litterbox, and his water dish. Once we saw that she was calm, we dropped the leash. Lucky’s tail was a little fuzzed up (as you can see in the photo below) but he walked right up to Irie and rubbed against her.

irie-lucky

Next up: Tiki.

Tiki is the more excitable dog and makes a funny whimpering sound when she wants to meet a person, dog, or cat. Sure enough, she made that sound as soon as we let her in, on leash, to meet Lucky. All was well, though; he was soon walking beneath her and just hanging out like he’s always known her. Tiki decided to lie down on the floor, and Lucky came over to sniff her feet:

lucky-tiki-feet

Soon they as relaxed as could be, and we later brought Irie back in:

irie-tiki-lucky-bowls

We’re so proud of Irie and Tiki as well as of little Lucky; they made this introductory period so easy. But what can you do if you’re not comfortable with your dog and new cat meeting? Whether you’ve adopted a new kitty or you’re blending families, you can successfully bring a cat into a home with dogs. Here are a few extra tips:

  • Be sure your dogs know their basic commands. “Leave it” and “stop” are especially important commands in case your dog should make a move.
  • Remove food from the safe room. Make sure the cat’s safe room has no cat food OR droppings in the litterbox before your dog arrives.
  • Give your cat the advantage of height. The safe room–and your entire house–should offer raised platforms for your cat to jump out of your dog’s reach. These don’t have to be cat-specific products like towers or cat condos but just tables, couches, or shelving.
  • Consider separating your dog and cat with screening. If you don’t trust your dog to meet your cat, consider a product like a Kritter Kondo (which can be used with cats or small dogs). Your cat can stay inside and safely interact with your dog while you supervise. If you are handy and can temporarily hang a screened door in your home, that’s another option.
  • Consider a baby gate. Baby gates are a great way to give your cat a space away from your dog. Whether you pick a baby gate your cat can jump over or a walk-through gate with a cat-sized opening that will keep a large dog out, a baby gate will give your cat a place out of your dog’s reach.

Dogs and cats can–and DO–live happily side by side in many pet households. We love watching the interaction of our dogs and cats and feel that they enrich each others’ lives in so many ways. Getting that relationship off on the right paw is a critical first step in forging that friendship so that your pets get along like cats and dogs–purringly!

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About Paris Permenter

Paris Permenter is an award-winning author of over 30 pet and travel books. Along with her husband, John Bigley, Paris is the founder and publisher of CatTipper and DogTipper.

  • http://www.k2k9.blogspot.com/ K.S. Mueller

    Excellent tips! I think I wrote a similar post a few years ago… many of the same suggestions :) We’ve always had cats and dogs (more than one of each) and they get along famously. It’s non-negotiable in our house: everyone must get along lol.

    • http://www.dogtipper.com/ Paris & John

      Thank you! I just love watching the cats and dogs together. Irie and Tiki interact differently with the cats than they do each other, and they’re so respectful of the little ones. It always makes me smile to see them together! -Paris